East Java is one of the Indonesian provinces on the island of Java. It covers the eastern third of the island, as well as the island of Madura and several small offshore islands.
WHERE IS IT?
Located in eastern Java, it includes the islands of Madura, which is connected to Java by the longest bridge in Indonesia, Suramadu Bridge, as well as the Kangean and Masalembu archipelagos located further east and north, respectively. Its capital is Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia and a major industrial center. Banyuwangi is the largest regency in East java and also in Java Island. It has a land border only with the province of Central Java to the west; Java Sea and Indian Ocean border its northern and southern coasts, respectively, while the narrow Bali Strait to the east separates Java from Bali.
POPULAR SEE & DO
- Surabaya – The official capital of the East Java province. Surabaya is also the second largest city after Jakarta.
- Taman Safari – Indonesia Safari Park II is located at Jatiarjo village Prigen distric, Pasuruan regency. The wildlife conservation park is a branch of Cisarua – Bogor Indonesia Safari Park. As a wildlife conservation park, Taman Safari Indonesia has various wild animal collections. There are 3 zones in over 340 hectares, wild life zone, attraction zone and baby zoo zone.
- Monumen Kapal Selam – Submarine Monument or Monkasel, is a submarine museum located at the heart of Surabaya town. This monument was submarine Pasopati KRI 410, one of the Indonesian Navy fleet made by Soviet Union in 1952. The submarine was involved in the Battle of Aru Ocean to free West Papua from the Dutch occupation. This Submarine has 76.6 meters length and a width of 6.30 meters and equipped with 12 pieces steam torpedo gas.
- Trowulan – Trowulan site is a historic district of archeological sites from Majapahit period. The site is located in the district of Trowulan, Mojokerto, East Java. The findings in museum Trowulan indicate that Trowulan site was quite advanced settlements. In the complex, there are several temples that adjacent to each other and always crowded by visitors such as Tikus Temple, Bajang Ratu, Menak Jingga Temple and other historical sites.
- Malang – The city is well known for its mild climate. During the period of Dutch colonization, it was a popular destination for European residents. Until now, Malang still holds its position a popular destination for international tourists.
- Banyuwangi – Banyuwangi is the eastern-most regency of East Java. The home of Ijen crater, inviting beaches and famous national parks.
- Ijen Crater – Ijen Crater or Kawah Ijen is the complex of volcanic area, which there is a crater of Ijen and its plateau, which has 2,600M and 8,660 M high. Ijen crater is located in three parts of regencies, which in Situbondo, Bondowoso, and Banyuwangi, East Java. This volcanic area become the most incredible and surreal volcanic area which has a gigantic turquois crater lake in East Java.
- Jampit Coffee Plantation – Jampit coffee plantations, is an agro-tourism attraction in Bondowoso, which is managed by PTP Nusantara Kalista Jampit VII. The plantation is located ±74 km to the east district Bondowoso. Jampit Coffee plantation covers 4000 hectares area and is located at an altitude of 900 M above sea level.
- Bromo Tengger Semeru – Bromo have known by all of visitor of the worlds. They come to Bromo to watch the sunrise. The visitor also can look down to the crater that full of its smoke, and feel the cold of the air, is probably could only be done in Bromo. Our eyes will also completed by the sea of sand that the way to reach Bromo’s peak. The main gate to the sea of sand and mount Bromo is through Cemorolawang.Sukamade Beach – Sukamade Beach is located in the village of Sarongan, District Pesanggaran, Banyuwangi. The beach is a part of Meru Betiri National Park and is an intensive zone used for observation of turtle eggs and turtle hatchlings release. At the beach, visitors can witness the turtles nesting and race to reach the shore.
- Baluran National Park – This national park is located in Situbondo regency, East Java. It has a relatively dry climate and mainly consists of savanna (40%), as well as lowland forests, mangrove forests and hills, with Mout Baluran as its highest peak. There have been 444 species of plant and host to 26 species of mammals recorded in the park. You can enjoy the amazing scenery of the forest and do the safari activities in the wild life and feel the magic of the forest.
- G Land – G-Land or Plengkung beach is known as one of the best surfing beaches in the world. The word G in G-Land derives from Grajagan, the name of the bay where huge waves can be found at south Banyuwangi. G-Land offers the world’s most demanding surfing spot which recommended only for professional surfers. May to October is the best time for surfing, and it becomes the paradise world of surfer.
- Alas Purwo – Alas Purwo National Park – Alas Purwo National Park covers the Blambangan peninsula and adjacent wetlands. It is arguably Java’s most important park from an ecological viewpoint. The name Alas Purwo can be translated as First Forest or Original Forest and expresses the belief that here the island Java started emerging form the primeval ocean. In other words, the forest of Alas Purwo is held sacred, and that is a good thing for its conservation. Except for the G-land surf camps at the southern tip of Blambangan, there are no amenities for tourists and none are planned. So this is your park for a wildlife and bird spotting expediton.
CLMATE & WEATHER
Warm and humid tropical conditions apply to most of East Java, though the higher areas can be chilly, especially at night.
Juanda International Airport (SUB) serves as the main gateway with almost 20 airlines flying to/from Surabaya. Destinations include Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, Singapore, Johor Bahru, Yogyakarta, Taipei, Hong Kong, Bali, Bandung and Bandar Seri Begawan.
DAMRI Buses are available to transport passengers from the airport to Purabaya Terminal, a bus terminal located not far from the airport. Taxis are widebly available outside the terminal building and can bring you anywhere in and around Surabaya.
Surabaya is connected by rail from Jakarta, Semarang and Yogyakarta with many stops in between. With new double tracks (as of 2014), the train now is faster, with travel time from Jakarta to Surabaya cut by around 3 hours in the new schedule. It is possible to travel to the region from Bali with an all-in “train” ticket that also covers the necessary bus and ferry portions. Using the train for Surabaya, Sidoarjo and surroundings is more convenient than using other ground transportation, because of ‘Sidoarjo mudflow’.
Frequent buses travel across Java and this is a reliable, if not always comfortable, method of travel. All of the major cities and towns in the region can be reached by bus.
Ferries ply the route between Gilimanuk, Bali and Banyuwangi every 20 minutes, 24 hours a day. The crossing itself takes about 30 minutes, although embarking and disembarking can take much longer.
As from 28 December 2017 the Marina Srikandi company that already connected Bal with Lombok, provides a fast boat service between Jimbaran on Bali and Banyuwangi. The crossing takes two hours, considerably less than the journey by road and ferry.
Surabaya is a major national and international port city and virtually every major coastal city in Indonesia is connected to it in some way.
The region is well served by the national rail network which connects all major cities and towns.
Driving anywhere is Java is a hazardous business for visitors not used to Indonesian driving habits. East Java is no exception and visitors are advised to rent a car with a driver if this is your chosen method of getting around in the region.
Eating is an extremely important part of life in East Java and there is an extraordinary range of options.
High quality western food is available in the large cities of Surabaya and Malang but there are so many local delights that any visitor is surely better off concentrating on these. Indonesian cuisine from all corners of this vast nation is widely available. As elsewhere in Indonesia, the best bet is often simple warungs and road-side stalls and the rule is to follow the local crowds.
The food of East Java is similar to that of Central Java. East Java foods tend to be less sweet and spicier compared to the Central Java ones. Fish and fish/seafood products are quite extensive, and terasi (dried shrimp paste) and petis udang (shrimp paste) are used a great deal. Specific East Javanese specialities include:
- Rujak cingur – a salad with spicy sauce and cingur (slices of cooked cow nose).
- Sate kelopo – satay with coconut rasp.
- Sate Madura – spicy goat satay.
- Lontong Kupang – Tiny clam soup with rice cakes
- Lontong Balap – Bean sprouts and tofu with rice cakes
- Semanggi Surabaya – Marsilea leaves with spicy sweet potato sauce
- Pecel Lele – Deep fried catfish served with rice and sambal
- Rawon – Dark beef soup
- Bakwan Malang – Meatball soup with won tons and noodles
- Arem aream – Pressed rice, tempe, sprouts, soy sauce, coconut, and peanuts.
There is a local type of fermented palm tree alcohol, called tuak. Other popular drinks in East Java include:
- Legen – a drink made from palm tree flower shaped female flower tendrils. These flower tendrils are cut little by little so that their sap which can be collected in a tube that is usually made from a single piece of bamboo rod segment. Old tapping is usually overnight, on the afternoon of the bamboo tube (called a tube) is placed as a container, then in the morning had a full load of the tube. One manggar flower usually produce about three to six tubes of legen.
- Degan – a drink made from young coconut usually served in a glass or in the young coconut itself. Degan (usually called “es degan” by the folk found along the side of the road and restaurants) is usually affordably priced. Some of the sellers mix it with a “Beras Kencur”, wine and honey to be an energy drink.