Yogyakarta (commonly pronounced Jogjakarta or just Jogja) is a popular tourist destination on Java, Indonesia. The city is one of the oldest in Indonesia and has a great collection of monuments and old buildings. The highlight is the Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono’s palace, also known as Kraton Ngayogyakarta.
WHERE IS IT?
Yogyakarta lies in one of the most seismically active parts of Java and has been repeatedly struck by earthquakes and volcano eruptions. The worst in recent times was the earthquake of 27 May 2006, which killed over 6,000 people and flattened over 300,000 houses. The epicentre was 25 kilometres south of the city, which avoided the worst of the quake. A surprisingly effective disaster recovery effort repaired most of the physical damage quickly. In October 2010, the nearby volcano of Mount Merapi erupted, spewing lava over nearby villages and killing 347 people. It quietened down by December 2010.
POPULAR SEE & DO
- Sultan Palace – A palace complex in the city of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia. It is the seat of the reigning Sultan of Yogyakarta and his family. The complex is a center of Javanese culture, and contains a museum displaying royal artifacts. It is guarded by the Yogyakarta Kraton Guards (Indonesian: Prajurit Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat). The Sultan’s palace or Kraton encompasses the main palace, the sultan’s residential buildings, two alun-alun (palace squares), and a large residential area where the sultan’s servants used to live.
- Tamansari – This is a partly-ruined complex built as a pleasure garden by the first Sultan in 1765. One of the bathing pools was dedicated to the sultan’s harem, and he had a tower overlooking the area so he could take his pick.
- Malioboro – Malioboro is a well-known shopping promenade and very popular among Indonesian as well as international tourists. Spans from the Tugu Station to the Sultan’s square, Malioboro is 2 km in length and home to hundreds of shops and street-stalls offering various kind of handicrafts.
- Fort Vrederburg – Vredeburg Fort was once an unpretentious square fort built by Sri Sultan Hamengku Bowono I in 1760 upon the Colonial request, Nicolas Harting.
- Kotagede – The capital of the ancient Islamic Mataram kingdom. The tomb of its first king, Panembahan Senopati, is here in the royal graveyard
- Alun-alun Selatan
- Prambanan – Magnificent 9th century Hindhu temple called the Slender Maiden (locally known as Roro Jonggrang). Main temples dedicated to Shiva flanked by temples to Visnu and Brahma. Relief depicts Ramayana and Kresnayana stories.
- Ratu Boko – Built between 8th and 9th centurie. Mixed Buddhist and Hindhus style. Partially restored palace auditorium. Ruins of tha royal garden with a bathing pool inside.Sewu Temples – Buddhist tempel complex, older than Roro Jonggrang. A main sanctuary surrounded by many smaller temples. Well preserved guardian statues, replicas of which stand in the central courtyard at the Jogja Keraton.
- Ijo Temples – A complex of three-tiered temples, but several have been renovated. A main sanctuary and three secondary shrines with statues. Located on a high place. One of favorites spot to see sunrise and sunset.
- Sambisari – 10th century undergraund Hindhu temple buried by eruptions from Merapi volcano for a century. Discovered in 1976 by a farmer plowing his field.
- Parangtritis – Black sand beach. Popular for its; golden sunset. This is a sacred beach to the local people. On certain days of the Javanese calendar, ceremonies are held with offerings to Rau Kidul, the goddess of the south Sea. The area is also famous for fun activities e.g traditional horse cart ride, ATV, sand boarding and also paragliding.
- Pindul – Pindul Cave located in the Bejiharjo Village promises a sensational adventure. If you thought rafting in a river is awesome, try rafting in a river that is located inside a cave!!! The cave is part of seven caves with an underground river flowing within. This funny and challenging experience is open to all ages and no experience is needed. Enjoy the caves beauty, panorama and with no doubt the stalagmites and stalactites while floating on the underground Pindul river.
- Kalisuci Oya river –
- Timang Beach – It offers southern coast panorama, white sand beach and the cliff. Years ago, Timang Beach was just an isolated spot at the end of a bumpy road. While there was the gondola used by fishermen to catch lobsters, there were no parking areas and nowhere to buy food or dine at. However, there was a flood of tourists ever since Timang Beach was featured on an episode of Running Man (Korean’s variety show) sometime in 2017.
- Jomblang – A natural vertical cave as a result of the collapse of geological processes landslides and vegetation on it into the earth that happened thousands of years ago!. Jomblang cave is located in Jetis Wetan Village, at about 50 km/31 mi downtown Yogyakarta. The cave is a vertical cave at 50 m/164 ft wide with vertical sides ranging between 40-80 m/131-262 ft and a thick ancient forest below.
- Grubug Cave
- Goa Langse
- Sri Gethuk waterfall
- Rancang Kencono
- Ramayana Ballet
- Indrayanti Breach
- Siung Beach
- Baron Beach
- Wedi Ombo
- Merapi Volcano & Kaliadem – Mount Merapi is an active stratovolcano and currently the most active one in Indonesia, erupting regularly for since almost 500 years, most lately in 2010. It’s one of the 16 potentially deadliest volcanoes in the world because of its large populations living on or near the mountain slopes.
- Elo River – There is no doubt that rafting in Elo River will send blood rushing through your veins. The river promises a challenging and exciting adventure not forgetting the amazing panorama. Situated close to Borobudur Temple and Mendut Temple.
- Progo River – Progo River white water rafting is a difficult terrain and is ideal for an extreme adrenaline rush. In fact, it is considered to be the most difficult trip in Central Java. The river basin is created by several small watersheds and runs from north to south and from upstream to downstream in Waterford.
- Puncak Suroloyo
- Museum Batik / Wisma Batik – The oldest Batik in the museum was made in 1840. There are some famous collections as well, such as Soga Jawa Long Cloths (1950-1960), Isen-isen Antik Sarong (1880-1890) which was made by EV. Zeuylen from Pekalongan, and Soga Jawa Long Sarong (1920-1930) made by Mrs. Lie Djing Kiem from Yogyakarta. The other collections are woven cloths created by the museum owner. The woven cloths feature pictures of Soekarno, Soeharto Megawati, Hamengku Buwono IX, Tuanku Imam Bonjol, Pangeran Diponegoro (all of which are Indonesian either heroes or prominent figures), and Pope John Paul II, and Mother Theresa.
- Imogiri royal graves. Graveyard of the Sultan Agung and his descendants, the Yogyakarta and Surakarta royal families.
- Museum Ullen Sentalu – The museum displays relics and artifact from royal houses and kratons of Java, such as Yogyakarta, Pakualam, Surakarta, and Mangkunegaran. Guided tours are available in English, Mandarin, Dutch, and Japanese with notice.
- Kekayon Museum – A wayang (puppet) museum with a lush Javanese style garden. Divided into ten sections, where each holds a vast number of puppets from various places in Indonesia. Rp5,000.
- Sonobudoyo Museum (Museum Sonobudoyo) – Many Javanese artefacts like wayang puppets, masks, statues, textiles, weapons, and a full set of gamelan instruments. Worth a visit if you have some extra time in Yogya, or you are interested in Javanese culture study. Wayang kulit performances are given every night 20:00-22:00, accompanied by gamelan.
- Diponegoro Museum – Officially named Museum Sasana Wiratama, this museum is located in the grounds of the former residence of famous prince Dipoegoro, son of sultan Hamengku Buwana III of Yogyakarta, He waged a guerrilla war against the Dutch colonizers, known as the Java War (1825-1830).
- Museum Kereta – Carriage Museum (Museum Kereta). Houses the Sultan’s horse-drawn carriages, including two beautiful carriages imported from the Netherlands and known as Golden Carriages (kereta kencana).
- pinus Pengger – Pinus Pengger is a pine tree forest with a distinctive aroma that draws many visitors there. It features a cooling forest climate and a peaceful atmosphere.
- Salak Agro
- Rumah Hobbit
- Leather Manding
- Cooking Class
- Batik Class
- Silver class
Climate in Yogyakarta features tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) as the precipitation in the driest month, August is below 60 millimetres. The wettest month in Yogyakarta is January with precipitation totalling 392 millimetres. The climate is influenced by the monsoon. The annual temperature is roughly about 26 to 27 Â°C. The hottest month is April.
Adisucipto International Airport (JOG) has a few international connections, including flights with Air Asia to Kuala Lumpur and Singapore.
All other flights are domestic, including those to Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya (all on Java), Balikpapan, Banjarmasin. Pontianak (all on Kalimantan), Denpasar (Bali) and Makassar (Sulawesi).
There are two main train stations in Yogyakarta, namely Stasiun Tugu (Tugu Train Station) and Lempuyangan Station. Depending on the type of class of train you are taking, you will have to get on and off on either one of these station. Tugu Station serves all Executive (best class) class and business (second class) class trains and Lempuyangan serves local connections and economy class from other cities.
Train from Yogyakarta serve the routes to Surabaya, Jakarta, Bandung and the trains on those area also serve the route to Yogyakarta.
Yogyakarta and Solo are connected by the Prambanan Ekspres commuter service. Despite the name, few of the ten daily rides stop at Prambanan station, which lies at about half a kilometre from the Prambanan temple site. The Prambanan Ekspres does stop at Maguwo station for Yogyakarta airport.
For more infromation, reservations and schedule check the PT. KAI website.
It’ s about 10 hours from Bandung, 2 hours from Surakarta, 12 hours from Jakarta and 10 hours from Surabaya.
There are two bus stations in Yogyakarta, namely Giwangan Bus Station and Jombor Bus Station. If you want to go to Bandung, Surabaya, Surakarta and some place in East Java and West Java you should go to Giwangan Bus Station. But if you want to go to Jakarta, Sumatra, Bali and Semarang, you should go to Jombor Bus Station.
This is the best thing to use if you want to get around Yogyakarta. Only 45 minutes to Prambanan Temple, or 1 hour to Borobudur Temple if you’d like to go to temple. 1 hour to Parangtritis Beach (you can also visit Depok Beach to find some sea food and Parangkusumo Beach for some beautifull view to take picture with sand desert, its all before you’re in to Parangtritis Beach). Then, 2 hours to Baron Beach (You can also visit Kukup, Krakal, Sundak, Indrayanti, Poktunggal and also Siung Beach in a row), in the middle of your trip you can also visiting Sri Gethuk Waterfall or Pindul Cave (it’s all in a row).
The TransJogja rapid transit system operates from 05:30 to 21:30 and stops only at designated shelters. They are air-conditioned and safe.
Regular Public Town Bus
Buses other than TransJogja normally operate 06:00 to 17:00, or 21:00 for some long routes. Usually on a bus there will be a driver and a helper who will hang from the side of the bus and handle money and try to get passengers. The helper will usually tap you on the shoulder to indicate you should pay him. If there is no helper you can pay the driver directly. When you are ready to get off a bus, tell the driver or helper “kiri” (KIH-ree) which means left.
Three-wheeled pedal-powered trishaws or pedicabs, known as becak (BAY-cha’), can be found in most parts of Yogyakarta, for shortish journeys (remember there is some poor guy pedalling away behind you). Haggle furiously before getting in.
The two-wheeled horse-drawn carriage is still found in Jogja. While happy to do a tourist jaunt, they are mostly used by the Jogjanese for shortish trips around their neighbourhoods, to and from the market, for example.
Yogyakarta is a small city, you can walk from one spot to another spot but dont forget to ask if you dont understand. Its healthy and cheaper way.
Another alternatife sollution if you’d like to around city. Using motorbike also a good sollution, many places rent motorbike for usually 50k/day.
Yogyakarta food used to be known for its sweetness. However, as more and more people move to Jogja, the city starts seeing more diversity in flavor. Now you can find many kinds of interesting dishes, from sweet, spicy, to fiery. Sometimes a fusion from other cuisines such as Chinese or Western can be found. Restaurants in the center often close quite early by Western standards, with admission often refused after 21:00.
If you want to eat the traditional way, head to Malioboro for a lesehan dinner in front of the closed shophouses, similar to the Japanese eating style on a tatami, but you sit on a mat and eat with your hands (you can ask for cutlery though). The food is ready to serve, – vegetables, fried and grilled meat (satay, seafood) are the most common, served with white rice. You can also order traditional gudeg. While this is a favorite among locals for the mingle for hours, do not expect very cheap prices.
The following dishes are recommended:
- Gudeg, a curry of jackfruit, chicken and egg served with rice, and is the most famous local dish. Goopy slop in various shades of brown, the stuff does not look particularly appetizing, but it can be tasty if done right. There are many gudeg restaurants, but the most popular are: Gudeg Wijilan, Gudeg Juminten, Gudeg Bu Tjitro, Gudeg Tugu, Gudeg Bu Ahmad. If you can wake up early in the morning, you may find small stalls serving Gudeg just at the corner of the street, or close to traditional markets. If you can’t sleep at night, you can go to Jalan Janturan and enjoy the Gudeg Pawon (enjoying gudeg inside the old style kitchen) that open in late night. Due to the heavy fiber content of young jackfruit and the thick coconut milk, those who have weak stomach may have trouble with gudeg.
- Ayam goreng Mbok Berek, (Mbok Berek’s fried chicken). Fried free range chicken with mild garlic and coriander flavour served with crunchy crackers.
- Nasi langgi, locally known as sego langgi (langgi rice). Warm rice served with various side dishes. Can be found in small stall in Gandekan St.
- Kipo, bite-size snacks made of green tapioca dough filled with sweetened grated coconut. Can be found in Kotagede.
- Bakpia, another bite-size snack made from sweetened green bean paste wrapped with thin dough pastry. The most popular bakpia is known as Bakpia Patuk, which not surprisingly, are sold in Pathuk street, also known as Jl. Aip K.S. Tubun.
- Jadah tempe, sandwich of rice cake and sweet beancake. Can be found in Kaliurang.
- Es rujak or rujak es krim, a fruit salad made from mangos, papayas, apples, pineapples, cucumbers etc., mixed with palm sugar, lime juice, salt, chillies and (of course) ice cream (es krim). All flavours (sweet, sour, bitter, spicy, salty) in one plate. In case you are at UGM campus, have a look along Jalan Kaliurang. Small foodstalls sell es rujak there (only very late morning to early afternoon). If you are not close to UGM, keep your eyes open.
Traditional alcoholic drinks are common in Yogyakarta, although they’re illegal. Some of them are not distilled well, therefore they may contain methyl alcohol (methanol) instead of ethyl alcohol (ethanol) only. Methyl alcohol will likely make you blind and might even kill you. Sometimes vendors also mix the alcohol drinks with much cheaper industrial methyl alcohol. In two days only in February 2016, more than 40 people died in 2 regencies of Yogyakarta due to consumption of such. Don’t try it. Beer in a can or bottle is safe, but avoid mixture alcohol drinks from unreliable cafes.
Gadjah Mada University – Jogja is a city of education as well as culture. It is home to at least four universities. Besides the pre-eminent Gadjah Mada University, it also hosts Yogyakarta State University (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta), the Islamic University of Indonesia (Universitas Islam Indonesia) and the Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University (Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga). Indonesia’s largest art school, the Indonesian Institute of Art (Institut Seni Indonesia) is also in the city, offering undergradate and postgraduate degrees related to traditional arts such as Javanese dance, wayang performance and gamelan music, and to modern and contemporary arts like theatre, broadcast, and graphic design. It may be possible for non-Indonesians to study at these universities through the Indonesian-government Dharmasiswa scheme. Studies in Indonesian performing arts are a particular focus for recipients of this support. Jogja is well-know for its language schools.